What role did race play?


Intellectually, I understand why the George Zimmerman jury reached its "not guilty” verdict in the killing of Trayvon Martin. In fact, it’s the only plausible verdict given the state of the law in Florida on self-defense. The jurors were told by the judge that Zimmerman was allowed to use deadly force if he merely thought he faced death or bodily harm. If there were  any reasonable doubt on whether the defendant was justified in using deadly force, then he had to be acquitted. Doubt, they were further instructed, could arise from conflicting evidence. So, given the burden of proof on the prosecution to prove that self-defense was not in play, the jury followed the instructions given by the judge.

As predictable as the verdict was, I can’t help but wonder about what role race played in the case. What if the shooter was a militant armed black man with a statement of race-based suspicion who then followed a white teenager talking on a cell phone and ultimately killed the boy in his mostly black neighborhood? Suppose the white youth initially tried to get away, and then turned to stand his ground. Would the perception of society alter as to whom was deemed to be the aggressor? Would the black neighborhood watch man be believed when he said the white kid knocked him down and pounded his head on the sidewalk?

Would Mr. Zimmerman have noticed the youth if he was a casually dressed white teenager? Referring to him as one of those” punks” who   always get away” before he even caught up to him, wasn’t Mr. Zimmerman acting on a preconceived mindset that paints young black men as potential criminals? A black hoodie was equated with a “black soul” full of evil and therefore it was reasonable to have a fear of him hurting a white man.

The police department did a slapdash “investigation”. Initially, they did not canvass the complex, even to see if a youngster was missing from one of the apartments, let alone to gather evidence. Mr. Martin spent his night in a morgue while Mr. Zimmerman went home to sleep. This sloppy investigation was then used as “proof” that the police concluded the defendant acted in self-defense.

The sad truth of this trial was that despite the protestations to the contrary, it really was all about race. Americans who are Caucasian cannot understand why the verdict reinforces the perception that a black life is not worth the same as one of a white person. Stereotypes are so firmly lodged in many people’s perceptions that they can’t see how the attitude affects their judgement. Verdicts like this one then reinforce social stereotypes so the cycle will begin again.

Ironically, during my years of working in the inner city, black males were told not to run in public because it caused suspicion, i.e. they were running from a scene of a crime. According to Zimmerman, it was the slow walk of Mr. Martin that caught his attention. I am so happy that I’m not a black parent who has to instruct my son as to how to walk on a street. Would I have to tell him never to become indignant and stand his ground because I wouldn’t want him dead? This sounds like I’d have to tell him to be “steppin-fetchit” even if he’s only eating skittles and juice. God help us that this is still an issue!

Arlene Violet


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Just curious, is this a letter to the editor? Or is it an editorial? Or is it an op-ed piece? I don't know who the author is.

I agree with the author that the problem is the law of Florida and the judge's instructions to the jury. However, members of a jury have the option to decide that the defendant's version of events is just a "tall tale", and to ignore it. Given that the ethics were against Zimmerman, they could have done that and found Zimmerman guilty of manslaughter.

Even if the law was on Zimmerman's side, I hope everyone understands that he was in the wrong. He profiled Martin, and he stalked Martin -- and he apparently did those things so aggressively that Martin felt like he had to respond. Even if Martin initiated the physical confrontation, Zimmerman was still the instigator. If their roles had been reversed, there's little doubt that Martin would have been arrested and charged with murder or manslaughter.

The real problem in this country is the conservatives and Republicans who control states like Florida. They pass laws like the stand-your-ground law, and the result is that people get killed, and injustice is done. Conservatives are fearful and paranoid and see the world as black and white, instead of the shades of gray that we all live with. There used to be such a thing as a moderate Republican, but not any more. I've come to despise them all.

Wednesday, July 24, 2013 | Report this

If some one is beating the hell out of me and trying to kill me, and I had a gun I would use it. I don't care what color my attacker is. Self defensive was used not stand your ground.

Wednesday, July 24, 2013 | Report this

Joyce, you're forgetting that Zimmerman profiled and stalked Martin. In other words, Zimmerman caused the entire incident. Try putting yourself in Martin's shoes. Let's say you're a man and someone was profiling and stalking you just because of your race or appearance, don't you think you'd have a right to turn on your stalker? I think so. As far as Martin was aware, Zimmerman was up to no good (Zimmerman didn't have any legal authority to do what he was doing). Zimmerman was at fault throughout the whole incident.

Besides, we have only Zimmerman's word that things transpired the way they did. How do we know that, emboldened by his gun, Zimmerman didn't take his pretend-policeman act to the next level and confronted Martin?

Your problem, Joyce, is that you can't put yourself in other people's shoes. You are short on empathy. Where race relations are concerned, that seems to be true of most white poeple.

Thursday, July 25, 2013 | Report this

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